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Firmware updates using the TCP/IP communication interface

Bootloader configuration

In order to perform firmware updates with the OpenBLT through a TCP/IP network, double-check that the network communication interface is configured in “blt_conf.h”. The following macro should have a value of 1. If this macro did not yet have a value of 1, the bootloader should be rebuild after making the change.

#define BOOT_COM_NET_ENABLE            (1)

Using MicroBoot

The MicroBoot utility needs to be configured to connect to the correct IP address and port:

  • Start MicroBoot by double-clicking “\Host\MicroBoot.exe” (on Linux it is “\Host\MicroBoot”).
  • Click the “Settings”-button and select “XCP on TCP/IP” from the “Interface selection” dropdown box.
  • Set the IP address (or fully qualified domain name) of your microcontroller system on the network.
    • Most TCP/IP demo programs have DHCP support enabled (BOOT_COM_NET_DHCP_ENABLE set to 1) for automatic assignment of an IP address by your router. Log into your router's admin panel to determine which IP address was assigned. In case DHCP support is disabled, the IP address is specified by the macro's BOOT_COM_NET_IPADDRx in “blt_conf.h”.
  • Set the port on which the bootloader listens for firmware update connection requests. This is specified by the macro BOOT_COM_NET_PORT in “blt_conf.h”. Typically, this is 1000 for the demo programs.

Once you saved the settings by clicking the “OK”-button, MicroBoot is now ready for action!

After building your user program, its S-record formatted firmware file can be downloaded to the remaining flash memory using the bootloader. In MicroBoot click the “Browse”-button and select your user program's firmware file. For the demo programs, this one is located in the “.\Prog\bin\” directory. Once the firmware file was selected, the download should automatically start.

Once the download completed, the newly programmed software will be started by the bootloader. For the demo program's you can verify this by checking that the LED blinks. Congratulations! That's all there is to using the bootloader.

Using BootCommander

The BootCommander command line interface (CLI) program allows you to configure all communication settings via options on the command line. The following example demonstrates how to call BootCommander for making a firmware update with one of the demo programs. Just set the “-a” option to the IP address or hostname of the target to connect to and set the “-p” option to the TCP port number that the target listens on..

BootCommander -s=xcp -t=xcp_net -a= -p=1000 demoprog_ek_lm3s6965.srec

The example assumes that the S-record of the demo user program is located in the same directory as where the BootCommander executable itself resides. If not, then simply prepend the absolute (or relative) directory to the name of the S-record firmware file.

Timeout configuration

The default timeouts of the XCP communication protocol work fine in case the ping time between your PC host and microcontroller is not more than 30 milliseconds. This is for example the case when your microcontroller is connected to a local network.

When the ping time between your PC host (or remote server) and microcontroller is more than 30 milliseconds, a reconfiguration of the XCP timeouts (T1, T3, T4, T5, T6 and T7) is needed. It is recommended to add 1.5 times the average ping time to the default values of the XCP timeouts.

For example, when testing firmware updates from a Debian server in Tokyo (running BootCommander) to a microcontroller connected to a router in Germany, the ping time was about 250 ms. The XCP timeouts were incremented by 375 ms to compensate for this network latency:

Timeout Default value [ms] Reconfigured value [ms]
T1 1000 1375
T3 2000 2375
T4 10000 10375
T5 1000 1375
T6 50 425
T7 2000 2375

These timeouts can be configured on MicroBoot’s settings dialog or using command-line options in BootCommander:


The initialization of the TCP/IP network stack, up to the point where the bootloader can accept firmware update requests, can take several seconds. This delay occurs after each reset event, before your user program is started. Because such a long delay is typically not desired, the demo programs have the so called deferred initialization functionality enabled. This was done via configuration macro BOOT_COM_NET_DEFERRED_INIT_ENABLE in “blt_conf.h”.

With the deferred initialization enabled, the TCP/IP stack initialization is skipped during a normal reset event, unless: [a] there is no valid user program present, or [b] the bootloader was forced to stay active. This latter case happens when the CpuUserProgramStartHook()-function is enabled and returns BLT_FALSE.

To be able to perform remote firmware updates without having to access the system, a third scenario [c] was added in the demo programs for forcing the TCP/IP stack to be initialized. This is the case when the bootloader was started from the user program. The shared parameter module was integrated into both the demo bootloader and user program, to be able to pass information from the user program to the bootloader. After the user program detects a firmware update request from the TCP/IP network, it sets a shared parameter in RAM right before the bootloader is activated. Upon activation, the bootloader evaluates this shared parameter and initializes the TCP/IP stack when requested.

manual/net_demo.txt · Last modified: 2019/09/24 22:03 (external edit)